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“Retreat?We’re coming out of here as a Marine division.We’re bringing our equipment… our wounded… our dead.Retreat, hell!We’re just advancing in another direction.” General Oliver Prince Smith. It was the bleak and bloody months in 1950 of the United States’ military involvement in the Korean War.Significantly outnumbered and battered by North Korean and Chinese troops, the United States Marines staged one of the most well-organized and disciplined retreats in military history.How did they do this?As General Smith suggests, they did it by pro-actively seizing control of their situation and moving aggressively to control what they could.Being pro-active in response to your reality frequently brings order from chaos and progress to overcome your difficulties.
Will you dare to work pro-actively to be an aphasia plateau buster?
Support Group of the Month
The Support Group featured this month is Marymount Manhattan College After Care Group.This group was formed in January, 2005.They meet every Tuesday at at the MarymountManhattanCollegeRuthSmadbeckCenter for Communication and Learning, an undergraduate program for Speech Pathology students.The meetings are conducted by senior undergraduate speech pathology students and are supervised by
Linda Carozza, Ph.D., CCC-SLP, Director of the Ruth Smadbeck Communication and Learning Center, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Marymount Manhattan College.They have approximately six members at any given time who come with family and/or caregivers. The members are of all ages, know each other, and work together well. The format is discussion centered and topics are generated by members. Each person participates at his/her communications skill level. Therapists use supported conversation - style techniques. A recent topic was Advocacy through the Arts, which involved a creative arts project.
Patient of the Month
Our Patient of the Month this month is Delores, known simply as DT, from the Marymount Manhattan College After Care Group.Delores is a woman of boundless energy and determination; beloved by her children and grandchildren, who lives alone, compensates very effectively for her aphasia, and is well known in her community.Delores was the group’s first, founding member
Description of Simply Smart Aphasia Therapy (SSAT)
When analyzing the many reasons why the AphasiaCenter for Innovative Treatment approach of Simply Smart Aphasia Therapy works, one theme that stands out time and again is that SSAT both fosters and commands a pro-active approach to aphasia treatment.By its very nature, SSAT from the outset demands the active participation of both patient and caregiver.If a passive approach is used with SSAT, or for that matter any other therapy, the treatment will never achieve all that can be achieved with a pro-active approach.Therefore, SSAT was developed so that both patient and caregiver are actively involved, with or without a therapist, in defining the specific communication problem affecting each individual patient.Both patient and caregiver are actively involved in determining the optimal SSAT protocol for addressing the specific problem.Both then play vital roles in working with and expanding the materials supplied for each protocol.The patient and caregiver are challenged to both (1) continually study the protocols for new directions of growth and (2) discipline their use of time to provide for the aggressive application of protocols and materials.
Simply Smart Aphasia Therapy works to support a pro-active approach by the patient, caregiver, and therapist at all times in a number of ways.The SSAT protocols have been written so that a number of SSAT materials can be used within the framework of any given protocol.Vertical Stepping and Horizontal Tweaking both allow for and challenge the patient, caregiver, and therapist to aggressively expand the value of the protocol and the use of the material.The SSAT material has been developed so that it can be creatively added to and revised as the patient progresses from one level of recovery and success to the next.Finally, the entire SSAT approach begs for active and creative participation by the patient, caregiver, and therapist.
When this becomes a daily pattern of therapy, the pro-activity and the aggressive creativity and discipline demanded by the SSAT approach will work.
Free SSAT Treatment Protocol Sample (will be available at aphasiatoolbox.com)
This protocol description is part of the Simply Smart Aphasia Therapy program.
To learn how to make optimal use of any protocol, visit aphasiatoolbox.com
Traditional aphasia therapy has been based on a plan of treatment that attempts to identify a particular level at which a patient begins to experience difficulty with a speech or language task. The therapist then proceeds to offer assistance, modeling or cueing until the patient is able to either complete the task or modify if the patient fails. The task is then made just a little more difficult until a final objective is achieved. For example, if a patient scores 65% on a matching picture to printed word task, therapy would begin there and then have a focus to move toward 90% accuracy.
This type of narrow, external to the patient controlled therapeutic focus has given way to broader, more sophisticated approaches that better make use of both the tremendous potential of the human brain to reorganize andthemore up to date information currentlyavailableon humanlearning. One practical case in point is some of the work done by Thompson, Shapiro and others at NorthwesternUniversity and supported by the National Institute of Health in which they challenge the notion that aphasiatherapy should use simple language structures for practice. They have found that using more complex sentences results in better and more efficientlanguage improvement. We agree and have found that methods like this that SSAT employs also results in saving time as less complex phrases and sentences improve as a result of the approach with lessdirect training. It also facilitates the third C of effective aphasia practice of the SSAT program in that patients appear to use the newly learned skills in everyday life right away.
Vertical Stepping then provides ways to gradually or quickly increase the difficulty or complexity of an activity by increasing the nature of the stimuli. There is a clear step up in linguistic complexity or word frequency/abstraction. An example from our previous Crossword Puzzle Protocol (Volume 2)would be using puzzles that are more difficult (for example, progressing from the adult-common word News For You to the daily newspaper easy puzzle).
Horizontal Tweaking allows for responsive and fluid, in-line changes during therapy or practice sessions. This can be useful as patients may make quicker than expected progress and simple goals would slow them down inadvertently. An example of tweaking would be adding words, time concepts and/or conjugation linking horizontally during the Right-branching Conjugation Protocol(I; I am; I am leaving, I am leaving soon for home.) drilled through all the subject pronouns.
We shared with our readers in our first three ACIT newsletters some intangible variables that are critical to the process of recovering from aphasia.This month the focus is on the need of the patient, caregiver, and any therapist or other medical professional involved to be pro-active.What this means is that the patient should always, on a daily basis, aggressively push themselves to continue to learn and grow and stimulate the brain’s communication pathways.The caregiver should always, on a daily basis, aggressively search for new ways to challenge the patient and, with patience and understanding, push the patient to exceed whatever level has been reached.The therapist or other medical professional should always be impatient with the status quo.
Rather than passively accepting ineffective or dated treatment methodology and research, he/she should continually be pro-active in searching to expand his/her knowledge and understanding with exposure to new research, with new ways of thinking about aphasia, and with creative ways to build upon protocols and materials in use.
Overcoming the communications difficulties engendered by aphasia could well be the most difficult task faced by an aphasia patient.These difficulties rarely fade on their own account or disappear over time.To be conquered, they must be faced squarely and dealt with in an aggressive, pro-active manner.
At the Aphasia Center of Innovative Treatment, we continue to make progress in the design and development of our website, aphasiatoolbox.com. We are at the stage where we are actively loading protocols, materials, and videos.We are also finalizing the administrative backend of our website so that, hopefully, all on-line and behind-the-scenes procedures will work flawlessly.Stay tuned.
Bill Connor’s Scheduled Public Events
Thursday, 11/02/06: 10:00am – Noon: Bill will facilitate the monthly meeting of the Aphasia Support Group of Western Pennsylvania at Panera’s Bread, Cranberry Township, Pennsylvania
Saturday, 11/11/06: Bill and Joe Miller, ACIT’s InformationTechnology Director will lead the initial meeting of the Pittsburgh Aphasia InformationTechnology Club at the Holiday Inn McKnight Road across from Ross Park Mall inPittsburgh, PA. The goal of the group is to share, teach and create ideas about how information technology may assist our efforts in improving the speech and communication skills of people with aphasia and its related reading and writing problems. Our focus will be on identification and utilization of innovative technological resources.
August 17 and 18, 2007: Bill will present at The Stroke Survivors Association of Ottawa’s second Stroke Recovery Conference at the Hampton Inn and ConferenceCenter in Ottawa ( http://www.strokeconference.ca/ ). The conference highlights best practice and management of stroke in the community by featuring talks by leading researchers as part of the ongoing effort to empower people with stroke and their families to manage better.
We Want To Hear From You
To nominate a support group for our “Support Group of the Month,” simply send us the name of the group, some background information, and contact information to firstname.lastname@example.org.
We select a Patient of the Month from among the members of our Support Group of the Month.To nominate a Patient of the Month, simply send the information to email@example.com.
If you know of someone who would like to receive our newsletter, you or they can send us the correct contact information with the word “subscribe” to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The National Aphasia AssociationAs you know, technology surrounds us and changes by the second. There are many people with aphasia, caregivers and professionals who now rely on communicating via the internet. Below is a listing of aphasia blogs, online support groups and therapy programs.